Issues with Gas Hydrates Extraction | UPSC – IAS. Indian companies have contracted close to 8 million barrels of crude oil from the US. 1, 2 and 3 . Shale Gas Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within shale formations due to their low permeability and cannot escape to the surface as easily as Conventional Natural Gas. Obviously wrong. Therefore, Shale gas not traded in international-commodity market unlike coal or crude oil. It is called Unconventional Hydrocarbons because when compared to conventional hydrocarbons (coal, petroleum, natural gas at 1500 m), Shale gas and oil are usually found at depths of about 2500-5000 m. Other unconventional hydrocarbons are Coal-bed gas/methane and Tight gas. For example: in Polity Lakxmikant will be helpful mainly for prelims. The Somnath temple of Gujarat, India, is believed to be the first among the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. India is largest producer of Guar gum. It is colourless, odourless gas, lighter than air. Shale gas in the United States is an available source of natural gas. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Days Left 3 only. Shale gas also provides feedstock for the petrochemicals industry, which is turned into plastics, fertiliser and other useful stuff. Third was Microsoft OneNote (part of Microsoft Office software), How to read the business page in news papers and economics easily. 2018 – Geography questions in UPSC Prelims. The US Energy Information Administration estimated that India held 38 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves. Shale gas and oil are unconventional natural resources. India’s energy security is a critical issue and its economy and even foreign relations are substantially affected by its dependence upon imported crude oil. Our Indian estimate is that India hass around 527 tcf of shale gas reserve. This creates numerous cracks in the shale rocks and thus entrapped gas is released. Gas hydrates are also important for seafloor stability studies, because “melting” gas hydrate may cause seafloor “landslides”. Statement 1, propane and butane only. 1. Your email address will not be published. MoU have been signed between USA, and India for sharing technical knowledge in shale-gas exploration. It is Colourless, odourless, lighter than air. This is Asia’s first and only tapped gas reserves outside north america. shale gas extraction is natural gas produced from shale formations (or the gas trapped in clay and Sedimentary rocks beneath). It has no global price comparision platform. In India, abundant coalbed methane sources exist, but so far no shale gas sources have been found. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. Utilisation of domestic shale gas can support India’s growing energy demands besides reducing dependence on expensive energy imports. Public sector companies and corporations like ONGC, OIL and GAIL are exploring these sites. (UPSC CSAT 2016) 1 and 2 only. In India Scientists identify 28 basins where production of shale gas can start in five years; Download FREE June 2020 IE Magazine PDF for UPSC Mains Preparation! It is cheaper than natural gas, releases 50% less CO2, hence better source for generating electricity. So it is categorized as Natural Gas. Sadhu bet – Statue of unity. The state-owned company says the discovery, on 25 January in the Barn Measure shale, West Bengal, happened after extensive studies were carried out on basins across the country. 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Horizontal drilling began in the 1930s, and in 1947 a well was first fracked in the U.S.. Federal price controls on natural gas led to shortages in the 1970s. Shale gas—an “unconventional” source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations) Storage & Transportation = difficult + expensive.. But such LNG-terminal will also require huge investments. Gas prices in different parts of the world are set by quite different mechanisms, they vary wildly across the world. I am not asking about FOXIT pdf reader . Shale Gas – Shale Gas Formation Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks formed of organic-rich mud at the bottom of ancient seas. The shale oil will be refined at one of IOC’s refineries in Gujarat, Panipat, or Agra. It is colourless, odourless gas, lighter than air. [Win20CSP] Mrunal’s Free Economy Update Lecture#7: International Trade, BoP & More in Pillar3, Mrunal Free Live Lecture: IAS Daily Study planner & UPSC FAQs by 1st Attempt Candidates & Launch of Batches for 2021,2022,2023. 1. The US Energy Information Administration estimated that India held 38 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves. Every aspirant has confusion on which book to follow especially for Mains. In India Scientists identify 28 basins where production of shale gas can start in five years; [Download] UPSC Mains-2020 Essay Paper, Including Topicwise last 28 YEARS Essay Question Papers (1993-2020) with booklist, strategy! Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. It is unconventional source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations). Shale-gas is cheaper than gas, releases 50% less CO. Shale gas power stations are safer than nuclear reactors and cheaper than renewables sources such as solar electricity cell. It is unconventional source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations). SubscribeEnvironment9 Comments8 years Ago, Ref.:http://www.economist.com/node/21558432. OIL and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has made India’s first shale-gas discovery. In this technique, water along with chemicals and sand are pumped into the well and a fracture or crack is developed in the shale rock to release the hydrocarbons trapped in shale formations to flow from the shale into the well… Current Affairs, GK & News related notes on Shale gas topic for UPSC, Civil Services, Banking and other Competitive Examinations of India. How is it formed? 184 : IEnggS-2021 Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich resources of petroleum and natural gas. 2 and 3 only. -7 : Mains-2020 Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. We’ve shortage of water even for drinking and irrigation, so diverting water for shale-gas exploration, will prove to be tough, especially given the judicial activism and PILs in India. 205 : CAPF-2021 another was “Evernote.” In which of the following regions of India are shale gas resources found? 163 : Prelim-2021 Suggesting, a detailed booklist will… In future, it might be used for fullfilling the energy requirements of US manufacturing industry. A flexible fuel, can heat homes, run industrial boilers. SYNOPSIS [5th NOVEMBER,2020] Day 22: IASbaba’s TLP (Phase 2): UPSC Mains Answer Writing (General Studies) 1. Can you please give me that link. 8), © 2020 Basix Education Pvt. Conventional gas reservoirs are created when natural gas migrates toward the Earth's surface from an organic-rich source. 245 : Mains-2021, © Copyright 2009-2019 Mrunal Patel, Gujarat, India | All Rights Reserved, [Environment] Shale Gas: Advantages and limitations as an Energy source, “[Environment] Shale Gas: Advantages and limitations as an Energy source”. ONGC has explored “unlimited reserves” of shale gas at sarpi on outskirts of durgapur(west bengal) in damodar basin. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) == Mixture of butane and propane. To construct Gas pipelines, you’ve to spend millions of $$ per km. Guar gum is too costly. D Besides oil, Gas Authority of India (GAIL) will be bringing in the first cargo of liquefied natural gas from the US to India early next year. Subject matter falls under Director General of Hydrocarbans (DGH). Oil requirement in future will be significantly higher, because of growth in economy and in turn growing consumption of households and industry. 2. They are found at 2,500-5,000 metres below the earth’s surface. 44 : IFS(M)-2020 Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. It is also pre- requisite … Continue reading "INDIA’S ENERGY SECURITY: OIL AND GAS … 1B, Second Floor,Pusa Road, Karol Bagh,New Delhi - 110005(Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. Shale gas. Shale gas is Difficult to store and transport. Tight gas sands, Shale gas, sync gas, coal bed methane. This is one area where USA is far ahead of us, we’ve much to learn from them. Hence, there is shortage of Guar-gum, for domestic industries willing to explore shale gas ,but who cannot keep up with the prices offered by Americans. Union Cabinet has approved policy framework to permit exploration and exploitation of unconventional hydrocarbons such as Shale oil/gas, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) etc. Cauvery Basin 3. Energy Information Administration of the USA predicts that by 2035, more than 45% of US Natural gas supply will come from shale gas. They are deeper in comparison to conventional crude oil found at 1,500 metres. Ans . In Europe shale gas isnot used because of green rules and limited property rights. GK: Gazprom is Russia’s huge state-run gas producer and supplier of 25% of Europe’s gas. Krishna-Godavari Basin Select the correct answer using the code given below. That was good enough for the needs of the nation for 29 years, it was said. This webpage has been developed to answer the many questions that people have about shale gas and hydraulic fracturing (or fracking). Methane released from gas hydrate may therefore play a significant role in climate change. Question was asked in mains 2013. Sir you posted about a software which helps in making notes. Gas shales are organic-rich shale formations. Subsequent sedimentation and the resultant heat and pressure transformed the mud into shale and also produced natural gas from the organic matter contained in it. Shale gas—an “unconventional” source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations). 23 : CDS 2021-I China is estimated to … Many forget that Polity mains syllabus is different from prelims as a result often even rank holders score very average marks in GS paper 2 (Including myself). Shale gas—an “unconventional” source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations) It is Colourless, odourless, lighter than air. Your email address will not be published. Laxmi Vilas Palace, Vadodara is constructed since the Gaekwad, a prominent Maratha family. But due to heavy imports from US shalegas companies, its prices have increased by ten times within a year. The extraction process of shale gas involves two methods:- Under this technique a vertical well is drilled to the targeted rock formation and then at the desired depth, the drill bit is turned horizontally, exposing the well to more of the producing shale. Shale gas requires hydraulic fracking method for extraction. Shale gas can be a solution for the rising energy requirements for a fast-growing economy like India. Shale Gas is the gas trapped in the sedimentary shale rock formations. That was good enough for the needs of the nation for 29 years, it was said. Required fields are marked *. Led by new applications of hydraulic fracturing technology and horizontal drilling, development of new sources of shale gas has offset declines in production from conventional gas reservoirs, and has led to major increases in reserves of US natural gas. In terms of its chemical makeup, shale gas is typically a dry gas primarily composed of methane. UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021 exam date is approaching and aspirants must be preparing for the exam in full swing. This is called fracking. Faced with declining natural gas production, the federal government invested in many supply alternatives, including … [VIDEO] GS1 GS2, GS3, GS4 & ESSAY ANALYSIS – UPSC MAINS 2020 by IASbaba -> ... FMCG products, shale gas, during the earlier phase of Quad can also be mentioned. In Europe shale gas is not used because of environmental rules and limited property rights. Therefore creates following problems. In coal seams ) and tight gas ( trapped in rock formations ) also! Hence better source for generating electricity shale-gas exploration Delhi - 110005 ( Beside Karol Bagh, New York in! Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate no ( 1993-2020 ) with booklist, strategy mechanisms, they wildly. Climate change to spend millions shale gas upsc $ $ per km ” or hydraulic... 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